what is SIBO, and what are its symptoms? – In this article, we tell you the whole truth about the disease called SIBO.
What is SIBO?
The first question to resolve is what we are talking about when we refer to SIBO. This acronym, derived from Small Intestine Bacterial Overgrowth, translates into Spanish as overpopulation or bacterial overgrowth of the small intestine.
Although it is normal to have bacteria in the intestine, they must remain set in the large intestine or the colon for a practical digestive system function. In the cases of SIBO, the bacteria are found and reproduce in the small intestine, causing, as the primary ailment, not being able to absorb the nutrients from the food properly, annoying and painful symptoms and adverse triggers.
Experts disagree on the causes since some affirm that it exists by an unhealthy diet and the lack of motility of the intestine regularly. Still, some studies assure abnormalities in the make-up, PH and protection. They are also determinants for the appearance of this condition.
SIBO Related Symptoms
An important peculiarity of the disease. It presents signs or symptoms that confused with other digestive disorders. It can cause significant delays ineffective treatment.
Among the most common symptoms of the disease are:
- Annoying and periodic flatulence and gases.
- Deep abdominal cramps and pain.
- Bloating or distention of the stomach.
- Frequent episodes of diarrhoea.
- The permanent feeling of having a full stomach.
- Smooth appearance in the stool.
- Weight loss is not due to an increase in daily exercise or a change in diet.
- It is essential, before these signs, to always consult a specialist who will know how to rule out diseases until the correct diagnosis is originating to provide the appropriate treatment.
How to achieve an adequate diagnosis of SIBO?
Given the ambiguity of these symptoms, the detection of the disease is obtainable as a challenge. One of how the diagnosis of SIBO is more compelling is through a colonoscopy. A small intestine sample And what kind.
Due to the test’s expensive, uncomfortable and painful nature, another method of diagnosis has, known as the Expired Hydrogen Test, which consists of analyzing the breath exhaled by the patient. What is open is the presence of hydrogen produced by the intestinal flora after the intake of different types of sugars.
By breaching down the sugar in food, the intestinal bacteria release hydrogen sent through the bloodstream to the lungs. With the correct preparation, different intolerances of the patient diagnosed.
Possible Consequences of SIBO
Not knowing how to diagnose it in time or confusing it with another disease leads the patient not to properly, resulting in continuing with many discomforts, pains and inconveniences, in addition to the severe health consequences that SIBO entails.
Among these consequences, we can name the following:
- Defective absorption of fats with the presence of “greasy” diarrhoea.
- Lack of vitamins.
- Calm presence of protein in the blood or hypoproteinemia; on rare occasions, it can cause severe malnutrition, but it usually occurs if there is another intestinal disease.
- Dearth want vitamin B12 or cobalamin.
- In essence, not misdiagnosed generates a deterioration in the quality of life.
SIBO treatment: antibiotic and diet
To treat SIBO, specialists advise a joint effort between medication and diet. The chosen antibiotic will depend on the Expired Hydrogen Test to avoid attacking the diversity of the flora and generating secondary effects.
Often said. we are what we eat. Why the symptoms of SIBO are improved by following known FODMAP diet, an acronym for Fermentable, Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides and Polyols.
Diet aims to lower those foods that are not digested or generate an overfeeding of the bacteria of the intestinal microbiota ferment it.
The foods that must evade are Fructans, Fructose, Lactose, Galatians and Polyols. low-FODMAP diet, foods such as garlic, onions, apples, nuts, dairy products, lentils, peas, and beans, among others, are reduced from regular feeding.
The diet indicated for SIBO is others of an intestinal nature, such as Irritable Colon. It prescribed and controlled. A nutrition professional due to its importance and the modifications that may vital during the treatment.
Similarly, a professional recipe will allow the diet to be specific and balanced, thus helping to restore normalcy of the digestive tract.
Beyond the problem that caused this disease to usually stated in recent weeks, SIBO has achieved more incredible notoriety. Many people who have not heard anything about it before are investigating and consulting specialists to rule out that their health conditions are unrelated to this syndrome.