About Sore Throat
Sore throat is usually associated with pain when swallowing. A sore throat can be caused by many different causes, including inflammation of the larynx, pharynx, or tonsils.
Sore throat is usually associated with pain when swallowing, and most sore throats are affected by infections or environmental factors like dry air. Although a sore throat can be uncomfortable, it usually goes away.
Sore throats are divided into three types based on the part of the throat they affect:
- Pharyngitis affects the area behind the mouth.
- Tonsillitis is the swelling and redness of the tonsils and the soft tissues in the mouth at the back.
- Laryngitis is the swelling and redness of the larynx.
Sore Throat Symptoms
Symptoms of a [sore throat] can differ depending on the cause. A sore throat can feel:
- Burning up
At times, white patches or areas of pus will be formed on the sore throat. These white spots are more common in strep throat than in a [sore throat] caused by a virus.
A sore throat can make eating and even talking painful. It might hurt more when you eat or talk. The throat may also feel scratchy and irritated, which is made worse by swallowing. The throat or tonsils may also look red.
Treatment for Sore Throat
A sore throat affected by a viral infection usually lasts five to seven days and does not require medical attention. Antibiotics do not help cure a viral disease.
Many turn to acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) or other minor pain relievers to relieve pain and fever.
Consider giving your child over-the-counter pain relievers designed for infants or children, such as acetaminophen (Children’s Tylenol, FeverAll, others) or ibuprofen (Children’s Advil, Children’s Motrin, others), to relieve symptoms.
Note: Never give aspirin to children or adolescents because it has been linked to Reye’s syndrome, a rare but life-threatening condition that causes inflammation of the liver and brain.
Home Remedies for Sore Throat
Some sources of home care strategies relieve sore throat symptoms, including:
- Rest a lot
- Drink plenty of liquids to keep your throat moist and prevent dehydration.
- Using a humidifier or vaporizer
- Have a cold treat, like popsicles
Causes of Sore Throat
1. Colds, Flu and Further Viral Infections etc
Viruses cause about 90 per cent of sore throats (2). Viruses that cause sore throats include:
- The common cold
- Influenza – the flu
- Mononucleosis is an infective disease transmitted through saliva
- Measles is a type of disease that causes a rash and fever.
- Chickenpox is an infection that causes a fever and an itchy, bumpy rash
- Mumps is an infection that causes swollen salivary glands in the neck
2. Sore Throat and Other Bacterial Infections
Bacterial infections can also cause a [sore throat]. The most common is strep throat, a condition of the throat and tonsils caused by the group A strep bacteria.
When the immune system responds to allergy triggers such as pollen, grass, and pet dander, it releases chemicals that cause nasal congestion, watery eyes, sneezing, and a [sore throat].
4. Air Dry
Dry air might suck moisture out of your mouth and throat, leaving them dry and scratchy. The atmosphere is most likely dry when the heating is on in winter.
5. Smoke, Chemicals and Other Irritants
Many chemicals and other substances in the environment irritate the throat, including:
- Cigarette and other tobacco smoke
- The air pollution
- Cleaning products and other chemicals, etc.
Any injury, such as a bump or cut to the neck, can cause a [sore throat]. Consuming a bit of food stuck in your throat can irritate your throat. Repeated use puts a strain on the vocal cords and throat muscles. You may get a [sore throat] after screaming, talking loudly, or singing for a long time.
7. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) occurs when stomach acid backs up into the oesophagus, the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach.
A tumour in the throat, larynx, or tongue is a minor and common cause of a painful throat. When a [sore throat] is a cancer signal, it does not disappear after a few days.
Sometimes, you may be referred to an ear, nose, and throat specialist or an allergy specialist. Concern your doctor about more severe symptoms, such as difficulty breathing or swallowing, a high fever, or a stiff neck.
Most sore throats get better in a matter of days without treatment. Rest, warm fluids, saltwater gargles, and over-the-counter pain relievers can help soothe a [sore throat] at home.
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