Chronic fatigue syndrome is characterized by extreme tiredness and fatigue. Inability or reluctance to carry out physical and intellectual activities. This sensation comes from having made an effort above our usual capacity, representing a momentary problem usually resolved with a good rest. However, when the loss of energy occurs without being related to previous effort and remains for a long time without being determined by rest, we may be facing what we call myalgic encephalomyelitis or chronic fatigue syndrome – CFS.
This chronic disease, disabling the vast majority of cases, is suffered by about 0.5% of the world population has a higher incidence in women than in men, a ratio of 9 to 1.
We have prepared this object to learn more about what chronic fatigue syndrome consists of and what the consequences are for those who suffer from it.
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What is Chronic Fatigue Syndrome – CFS?
It belonged to the so-called central sensitization syndromes – CSS. Chronic fatigue syndrome is a chronic neuro-endocrine-immunological disease, which consists of a biochemical disorder capable of generating significant physical and mental fatigue of the individual who suffers from it. It does not get relieved with the usual rest. It known by the name of systematic exercise intolerance disease for a few years because simple physical activity generates discomfort in the patient.
Chronic fatigue syndrome represents a health problem that fully impacts the quality of life of those who suffer from it, preventing them from carrying out their usual activities with complete normality. This disease produces disability in the patient and affects his entire environment due to his difficulties in typically carrying out his everyday tasks. That is why the support and understanding of the family are essential to improve their condition.
Although we have heard very little about it, the truth is that this disease is not new. For several centuries, there records of similar conditions identified by different names, such as DaCosta syndrome, neurasthenia, or myalgic encephalitis. Currently, it is a problem that mainly affects young adults between the ages of 20 and 40.
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Symptoms
- Unexplained muscle pain
- Severe headache
- Pain that moves from one joint to another without any swelling
- Disturbed sleep
- Another major symptom is feeling very tired throughout the day, even with a little effort
Although the causes of chronic fatigue syndrome are still unknown, some specialists consider that an immunological alteration causes it; others, due to failures of the mitochondria, and there are even those who believe that it is the product of some toxic agents.
The symptoms of this disease are usually very variable between patients manifesting different intensity levels, leading. It is often considered only as a mere lack of energy since pathology does not generate, in the person, the appearance of a sick individual.
The most carefully related chronic fatigue syndrome and profound tiredness are difficulty concentrating and impaired immediate memory. Patients also report muscle and joint pain, headache, and throat irritation.
In addition, the symptoms usually worsen shortly after performing physical exercises or some mental effort, requiring several days to recover.
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Diagnosis and Treatment
The diagnosis of this disease is clinical. While eight diagnostic criteria have over the years, currently, the Fukuda criteria. Which on persistent chronic fatigue for more than six months and excluding other diseases. In addition to the presence of specific symptoms such as myalgia, odynophagia, headaches, and adenopathies.
Chronic fatigue syndrome does not have a curative treatment, although there is a procedure to improve symptoms. Optimize individuals’ functional capacity, and improve their quality of life.
Some of the techniques most used by specialists consist of therapies to recover from fatigue and mitigate sleep problems, depression, dizziness, anxiety and pain.
They also consist of a specific and long-term approach to infections caused by viruses. Fungi, bacteria and parasites, accompanied by the consumption of probiotic supplements.
Other treatments for chronic fatigue syndrome are cognitive-behavioural therapies and gradual physical exercise. However, there is no conclusive evidence about their level of effectiveness.
In addition, it estimated that food plays a vital role in the manifestation of the symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome. Which is why the nutritional diet is studied, identifying food intolerances.
What to do in Case of Manifesting The Symptoms of CFS?
From the time the first symptoms appear to their proper diagnosis. It usually takes an average of 5 years, so it is essential to become aware of this disease in time. In addition, it necessary to consider that condition associated with other pathologies, such as fibromyalgia and multiple chemical sensitivity. So it will required to rule out these diseases.
Optional that the patient actively involved in controlling the disease. Getting adequate information and following the specialist’s instructions to the letter.
Since there is no therapy for this illness. It is convenient for those who suffer from it to relieve symptoms by controlling their rest. Proper nutrition and modifying their daily activities. In this way, you can direct your efforts to obtain a better quality of life.