What are Supplements?
Supplements – A supplement aims to “supplement” your overall diet, helping to bridge the gap between your usual dietary intake and nutrient needs. Accessories, especially vitamins and minerals, can be helpful when the demand for nutrients is higher.
For example, during pregnancy, there is an increased need for nutrients, vitamins, minerals, and folic acid to prevent congenital disabilities. However, other individuals may be deficient in specific vitamins or minerals such as Iron or Vit D and unable to meet these requirements with food alone or have malabsorption issues.
- Available as a pill, capsule, powder, or beverage.
- Contains nutrients from one of the four supplements (listed below).
- Used to achieve specific goals (e.g., better sleep, weight loss, pain relief, etc.)
Types of supplements
The Responsible Eating Committee has categorized all dietary supplements into four categories:
Vitamins And Minerals
The most popular type of supplement is a multivitamin. Vitamins and Minerals include all multivitamins, individual vitamins, and individual minerals. Famous examples of particular vitamins and minerals include:
1. Vitamin C (Immune Booster)
Vitamin C is essential in infection and wound healing and is a powerful antioxidant capable of neutralizing harmful free radicals. Necessary to make collagen, a fibrous protein found in the connective tissue woven into the body’s various systems, including nerves, immune system, bones, cartilage, and blood. Vitamins help make several hormones and chemical messengers the brain and nerves use.
Vitamin C is often the preferred choice because of its higher bioavailability when taken in smaller daily doses. The sustained release formula aims to solve this problem without taking multiple pills by releasing vitamin C slowly throughout the day.
2. Vitamin D (Bone Health)
The body produces vitamin D in response to sunlight exposure. You can also raise your vitamin D intake through certain foods or supplements. It is essential for maintaining healthy bones and teeth. It also plays many other crucial bodily roles, including regulating inflammation and immune function. Despite its name, vitamin D is not a vitamin but a hormone or prohormone.
3. Vitamin B12 (Energy)
Vitamin B12 is essential in foods such as meat, fish, and dairy products. It can also be made in the lab and is often taken along with other B vitamins
Vitamin B12 is necessary for the function and development of many body parts, including the brain, nerves, and blood cells. Methylcobalamin is the active form of vitamin B12. Therefore, cyanocobalamin is the most common usage in dietary supplement, which must be converting to its functional format in the body.
4. Zinc (Health Hormone)
Zinc nutrient plays many essential roles in the body. However, since our body does not produce zinc naturally, we must get it from our diet or supplements.
This article explains everything you need to know about zinc, including its features, health benefits, recommended dosage, and potential. Zinc is considered an essential nutrient and cannot be produced or stored by the body.
5. Magnesium (sleeping pill)
Magnesium is considered as a cofactor in more than 300 enzymatic systems that regulate various biochemical reactions in the body, including protein synthesis, muscle and nerve function, blood pressure regulation [1-3], and blood sugar control. In addition, it is required for energy production, oxidative phosphorylation, and glycolysis. Magnesium, an abundant mineral in the body, is found naturally in many foods, adding to other foods, available as dietary supplements, and found in some medicines (such as antacids and laxatives).
Benefits Of Supplements
Dietary supplements can help with:
- Provides nutrients that is not obtaining from the diet
- Increase nutrient levels if deficient.
- Supporting general and specific well-being goals
- Supplement your general care plan
- Offer alternative therapy options
This fact sheet Office of Dietary Supplements (ODS) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) contains information that is not intend to substitute for medical advice. Talk to your healthcare provider (doctor, registered dietitian, pharmacist, etc.) about your concerns, questions, or use of dietary supplements and make recommendations on what is best for your overall health. Any reference to any particular product or service in this publication or submission of an organization or professional association does not constitute an endorsement by ODS of such product, service, or expert advice.
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